A quarter of a drowning at least in the beginning of summer, probably “thanks” to the health crisis

The closure of pools due in part to the decline of a quarter of the drowned came to the emergency room.

There is a quarter of way to the emergency room at least to drowning between 1 June and 14 July 2020, compared to the previous year (320 vs. 437). A decline that concerns all regions, except for the Burgundy-Franche-Comté, Corse, the New Aquitaine, the Loire Country, overseas and to a lesser extent, Provence-Alpes-Côte D’azur”, where it remains stable, according to “The point epidemio” of July 15, published by public Health Franke.

These statistics bring together data from the monitoring network Oscour, which brings together more than 690 emergency services on the 710 in France. A quasi-exhaustive that sometimes it is necessary to weigh, because, unlike the survey triennale “Drowning” (the last date of 2018), these data do not include deaths that have occurred on site, and the victims of the most serious directly admitted in icu. “In the investigation of Drowning, it typically represents about half of the accidental drowning”, says the Figaro, the epidemiologist, public Health France, Aymeric Ung, head of the investigation of Drowning.

Restrictions bathing

To explain this unexpected drop of the passages to emergency rooms for drowning-from 1 June to 14 July, the first hypothesis by Aymeric Ung and Nathalie Beltzer, the author of this “point epidemio” depends on the context of the epidemic of Covid. “Until June 22, the closing of public swimming pools or private pay (municipal, recreation, amusement parks) and private swimming pools for collective use (hotels, holiday residences, camping, holiday clubs) and the restrictive conditions for access to some of the beaches have reduced the bathing and thus the risk of drowning”, they explain.

If the point of the epidemiological does not provide indications on the circumstances of the occurrence, the investigation Drownings in 2018 reveals that 44% of accidental drownings occur at sea, 31% in the pool of all the different types, 22% in water course or water body, 4% in other places. The ranking is a little different if we consider the fatal drownings since 40% of deaths occur at sea, 40% in water course or body of water, 17% in swimming, and 3% elsewhere.

All ages are affected

Aymeric Ung advance a different explanation for the decrease observed in this early summer: “there may be a link with climatic conditions less favourable this year than the previous two years.” The decrease in tourism could also play a role. The epidemiologist calls however for caution, since the beginning of summer said nothing of the result. “Drowning remains a significant risk and this applies to all ages.” Nearly half of all drownings from this point the epidemiological information of a child under six years of age, but 20% of victims were over 44 years of age. Moreover, the investigation “Drowning 2018” shows that the first two age groups in the number of drowning deaths were over 65 years of age and 45-64 years of age.

“The risks are different depending on the age, but it is never too late to learn to swim even if he must insist on ongoing monitoring and close-up of the child by an adult”, explains Aymeric Ung. “Adults, especially, must not overestimate their strength, especially in natural environments (observe the prohibitions of swimming and focus areas developed and monitored), and avoiding alcohol before swimming ; and finally the malaise are found in a drowning, two after the age of 65.”

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